NS3 Wireless Simulation

Generally, NS3 wireless communication is expected to enhance with personal media employment and mobile devices. Though it has several technological improvements in real-world applications, it is still under the research of achieving effective radio spectrum utilization. Since it is not cost-effective and restricted in utilization. In future wireless network technologies, the combo of enhanced spectrum reusability and efficiency may solve these issues.

This page will deliver you the most important details about NS3 Wireless simulation along with innovative Research Ideas!!!

When we implement the unproved algorithms and protocols in a wide-range real environment, then it is not an effective approach in terms of cost and expected results. So, simulation is mandatory to evaluate the network performance in advance before the direct deployment. At the end of the simulation, if the simulated results reach a satisfactory level, then it is effective to launch in a real environment. And, one more method is validating and verifying the developed models in the physical tested through analytical modeling technique using NS3 Wireless Simulation. Below, we have given you few implications of a wireless link in real-world scenarios. 

Innovative NS3 Wireless Simulation Projects With Source Code

Impact of Wireless Connections

  • No Physical Communication Channel
    • Low quality of service due to some undesired states such as weather, fading, shadowing, etc.
    • Frequent changes of Coverage and Data Transfer Rate along with Locality
  • Administration Control
    • Authorizing and Frequency Assignment
  • Controlled Bandwidth
    • Interference, Low Bit Rate and Frequency (Plan and Reusability)
  • Mobility Power and Security Problems
    • Mobility – Low Channel Quality and Latency
    • Power – Constrained Battery Life and Power-level Control
    • Security – Leakage and Exploitation in Data Distribution

For wireless data transmission, frequency is a significant one to establish communication. Since communication over air let waves pass through a wireless medium at a specific time to share data. Here, we have given you few wide ranges of frequencies for wireless transmission. 

Types of Wireless Communication Frequency

  • Spectrum means a series of frequencies
    • Visible spectrum – ranges from 400 to 790 THz
    • Radio spectrum – ranges from 0 to 300 GHz
      • Different Frequency bands of Radio Spectrum
        • High and Very High Frequencies
        • Medium Frequency
        • Low and Very Low Frequencies
        • Extra-High, Super-High and Ultra-High Frequencies

Wireless Communication using NS3

An open-source NS-3 tool is the extended version of Network Simulator-2. And, it is the licensed discrete-event network simulation tool to especially support cellular / mobile networks. From the viewpoint of enhancement, it supports several packages for advanced networking functionalities. For instances: 

  • Bake: It is the package-level management tool which is used for advanced ns-3 applications development.
  • Netanim: It is an animation-based tool which is used for ns-3 graphical outputs

In addition, it supports the simulation of multiple radio access technologies along with the Wi-Fi, Wireless Gigabit (WiGig), and LTE Simulation(Advanced, Unlicensed, and License Assisted Access). In the case of LTE, it includes the LENA module which is further improved as 5G-LENA and DCE module for the employment of kernel/userspace network protocols where DCE is an alternative for MPTCP. In addition, we have listed some vital characteristics of NS3 Wireless Simulation that increase its usage in wireless simulation and development. 

Key Features of NS3

  • Enhanced version of NS-2
  • Interface and Technologies for Multiple Radio Access
  • Improved Modularity and Source Codes Extension
  • Simulation of Decentralized and Parallel Network Models
  • Network Scalability in Simulation (allow any number of nodes)

As a matter of fact, NS-3 supports numerous protocols to support complex network infrastructure. So, it is widely preferred by many scholars and developers to design, develop and test their network applications. Conceptually, the architecture of the NS-3 simulator is developed in python and C++ scripts which comprise a group of modules to manage the core, abstraction, and complier. The main objective of this tool is to inspect and control the traffic flow and component actions in different scenarios. Then, the simulated outputs are generated in .tr and,pcap fil formats. Further, we have listed few fundamental aspects of NS-3 which include protocols, models, services, etc.

NS-3 Supported Features

  • PHY layers (802.11g/a/b) and Mesh (802.11s)
  • Fundamental 802.11 DCF (ad hoc and infrastructure)
  • Different Rate Control Protocol (Cara, Rraa, Aarf, ConstantRate, Minstrel and Arf)
  • 802.11e-based Queuing and QoS-oriented EDCA
  • Diverse Propagation Models (Random, Friis, Nakagami, FixedRss, LogDistance and Rayleigh)

Major Elements of NS3 Wireless Simulation 

Next, we can see about the primary elements of NS3 Wireless Simulation. Here, we have given you the core abstractions of the ns3 simulator in the following list 

  • Channel:
    • It is the wired / wireless channel (medium) used for data transmission between source and destination nodes
    • Also, it creates the connection among network nodes through NetDevices
  • Node
    • It is the component of network which has different characteristics, functionalities and physical features.
    • For instances: Edge device, Base Stations, User mobile, Base station, Server, Access point, etc.  
  • NetDevice
    • It is the in-built physical card in the node which is referred as Network Interface Card (NIC)
    • It enables the node to utilize the particular channel for data transmission
  • Application
    • Signifies the essential abstraction which describes the network activities to initiate the simulation
    • Offer Models for packet flows in the network, Utilities for studying packet traces and Simulation Engine for users to conduct trails and test
  • Helpers
    • Assistance to handle huge-scale networks which comprises massive amount of nodes, Netdevices and channels

Basically, NS-3 provides the platform to develop new modules through Python / C++ scripts. Further, these developed new modules can be integrated with the present ns3 libraries based on the project requirements. For your reference, here we have given the few header files (#include) embedded in the modules of Mobility and WiFi.

NS3 Modules for Wireless Projects

  • #include
    • “ns3/wifi-module.h”
    • “ns3/core-module.h”
    • “ns3/node-module.h”
    • “ns3/helper-module.h”
    • “ns3/mobility-module.h”
    • “ns3/simulator-module.h”

In addition, we have also given different models of the NS3 tool which is specifically designed for satisfying wireless simulation needs. As already known well, wireless models are developed based on multi-layered approaches. So, we have presented you with the NS-3 supported models in each layer of the wireless network model.

NS3 Models for Wireless Simulation

  • Physical Layer
    • Basic Wired
      • Propagation Loss and Latency
    • Log-distance and 802.11aFriis
      • Propagation Loss
  • Link Layer
    • Point-to-Point
    • Rate Control Protocol
    • CSMA.802.11 MAC (high and low)
  • Network Layer
    • Unicast IPv4
    • Multicast Fixed Routing
    • Global Fixed Routing
  • Transport Layer
    • TCP and UDP
  • Application Layer
    • Packet Sockets
    • API based Asynchronous Sockets
    • On/Off Application

Beyond these models, we can deploy more models depends on the type of network. For instance: if we are working with Wi-Fi-oriented communication, then the NS3 provides different Wi-Fi models intended to simplify your code implementation. The following models are provided by NS-3 to support WiFi network, 

  • Error Model
    • Wi-Fi OFDM
    • Wi-Fi 802.11b
    • Wi-Fi 802.11n
  • Saturation Model
    • Wi-Fi DCF

Next, we can see about the recent versions of the NS-3 tool which are highly preferred by many research scholars for their project developments. For your information, our developers have listed the key features of NS-3.33 and NS-3.34 tools that attract the scholar’s attention.

Latest NS3 Versions for Wireless Projects

  • NS 3.33
    • Include setting to arrange the Wi-Fi based OFDM transfer spectral mask
    • TCP Linux CUBIC traffic control and make parallel with ECN handling
    • Wi-Fi based error models which performs on the basis of link simulation outcome
    • Support channel state model for VANET related applications
    • Offer Low Rate – Wireless Personal Area Network (LR-WPAN) models to manage dissimilarities of RFC6282 and RFC4944-style IPv6
    • Provide improved Length class to imply the distance with explicit unit and enhanced CSVReader class to signify input node location from CSV file
    • Wi-Fi enabled 802.11ax physical layer models for high efficiency RU and MU
  • NS 3.34
    • Provide advanced TCP traffic control model, phased array model and etc.
    • Support enhanced design of physical and medium access control layer in WiFi 
    • Empower with 802.11ax based OFDMA models (uplink and downlink) and OFDMA scheduler (multi-user)

Furthermore, our developers have listed the NS3 wireless simulation parameters for predicting and evaluating the simulation performance. It is the most important phase in the project implementation because it only reveals the original worth of your handpicked project. IT determines whether you have achieved the research objectives through experimental results in wireless thesis topics. Also, one can improve the performance of the network by adjusting some parameters. 

Why NS3 is the best choice for implementing NS3 simulation

Major NS3 Simulation Parameters

  • Traffic Type
  • Length of Queue
  • Routing Protocol
  • Node Location
  • Coverage Area
  • Radio Propagation Model
  • Simulation Finishing Time
  • Nodes Quantification in Topography
  • Queue Type of Network Interface

In truth, our technical legends of the research team have years of experience in dealing with numerous wireless projects. By understanding the demand of active scholars, our research team habitually gathers more information on evolving research areas of wireless systems and modernizes their way of thinking to collect futuristic research ideas. Below, we have listed only a few of our modern notions on wireless which provide expected results in NS-3.

Innovative Research Ideas on Wireless using NS3

  • Multi-access in M2M Communication
  • Full-duplex based MAC Design in Cloud-RAN
  • Optimal Design of Wireless MAC for beyond 5G
  • MAC Design for Energy Saving Wireless Networks
  • New Radio Resource Scheduling and Control
  • Cooperative RFID MAC in SD-Radio / Cognitive
  • MAC for UAV and Non-Terrestrial Communication
  • Developments of Wireless Sensor, Relay, Ad hoc and Mesh Network
  • Employment of MAC Protocols for Nano, Molecular and mmWave Networks
  • Energy and QoS-Aware MAC for Multi-tier Small Cell Communication
  • Cross-layer MAC design for Multi-User MIMO and M-MIMO
  • Advance Machine Learning, Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence Techniques

In the same way as our researchers, our developers also have practice on current code implementation tools and technologies used for NS3 wireless simulation. Since it is a widespread field with loads of technical developments. Therefore, we like to point out other vital simulators that are sure to give the best developing experience for wireless simulation projects.

Other simulators for wireless communication

  • Non-Commercial Simulators
  • Commercial Simulators
    • QualNet and OPNET

Overall, we also support if you are looking for any other research topics in NS3 Wireless Simulation. And, we assure you that we will guide you to the fullest till you reach the desired output. So, feel free to contact us for your remarkable research achievement in your desired area.

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