How to write introduction in thesis chapter 1

Introduction is the first chapter of every research paper you write such as project proposal, thesis, journal article or project report.        

The introduction part of your research paper consists of your research topic and research method for your reader. The main concepts to be focused on when writing thesis is mentioned below:

Present the topic in a way which it can attract the reader

You can give background information or explain in brief about the existing research

Mark where you stand in your methodology

Discuss about your research problem and the problem statement                 

Outline about the structure of your paper

            The introduction part of your thesis may be of different types when you produce result from original research you conducted and the result you produce by collecting arguments from different sources.

            Writing introduction is considered as the difficult task, this article will serve you as a guide from starting till the end to complete writing your introduction part of the thesis.

The introduction is placed at the top of your thesis; it should grab the readers’ attention and interest to continue reading your thesis. There’s no any set of specific procedure or structure standardly set for writing introduction, but you can use the below mentioned instruction to write a good thesis introduction.

How to Write Chapter 1

In your thesis paper the chapter 1 should contain the following topics with brief discussion:

The Introduction

In the introduction section, following areas should be discussed:

  1. You should start writing the introductory part with stating the problem you addressed. Presenting the problem should be your first move, which will show the main focus of your research.
  2. The gap you found from the existing research or the problem in an area which need to be solved.
  3. You must justify the reason behind selecting the particular topic for research.
  4. History of that particular problem should be stated.
  5. Eager to understand clearly and deeply about the circumstance, phenomenon or situation.
  6. Goal to improve the existing knowledge by finding a unique way.
  7. Motive to discover new things.
  8. Condition of the place where study is going to take place.
  9. Your introduction part and problem statement should have a connection between them.

Statement of the Problem  

            You should have one general statement which addresses complete problem then focus on creating sub-problems which have small sections of the main problem. You can follow the below instructions to craft your general and sub-problems:

  1. Before start conducting research you have to frame both the general statement and specific sub-problems of a main problem.
  2. It is important to state the sub-problems in a question form so they are also known as specific questions.
  3. The specific question you state should be very clear that it should only hold only a single meaning with it.
  4. Every sub-question you frame should not be co related to each other that only finding answer for specific question can give result to some other question, should not happen.
  5. The specific question you build should be related to the familiar phenomena or facts so that it will be easy to collect data and can be researchable.
  6. You don’t need to collect answer for a specific question which could answer the other specific question.
  7. Every answer for a specific question has to add more values to the research topic or problem.
  8. By putting together the collected answers for specific question contribute to the whole study.
  9. You have to develop adequate amount of specific question to cover the entire research study or problem.


            It is the answer or conclusion for that specific question which is framed in the starting of your study. In other words it is the anticipated solution for the research question.

            The two main types of hypotheses are operational form and null form. The operational form comes to play when you are agreeing with a statement and null form can be used when stating about negative statement. The null form is the generally used one. The operational form explains the difference among two phenomena and null form explains their similarities in other words it states the equality among different phenomena.

Significance of the Study 

            You have to explain the significance of your whole study by discussing about the following details:

  1. Explain about how your study matches the timeliness, rationale and relevance with existing factors.
  2. Give solutions for the problem in existing knowledge and also make improvement to the conditions which need more investigation.
  3. Discuss about the people who are going to get benefitted from your study. Mention about the particular groups, communities and individuals who would receive more advantages from your study.
  4. Explain about the contribution you made to the knowledge of particular field.
  5. The implications should be discussed here. Implications of the problem addressed, about their cause, effect and the safety measures taken to manage problem. It can also include the suggestions for future improvement in the research on that particular field.

Scope and Definition of the Study

Here are some of the instructions to be followed for writing delimitations and scope:

  1. Give a summary about the purpose for which you have undertaken the study.
  2. The topics of specific subject which have been studied should be discussed.
  3. The source from where the information or data is collected for your study.
  4. Mention about the population which helped you to collect the reviews related to the problem. If this is a large group then it will be easy for you to present generalized study.
  5. The time duration you take to complete the data collection required for your study.

Definitions of Terms

To define terms follow the mentioned guidelines:

  1. You have to mention about the words, phrases or terms which are unique and have a special meaning.
  2. Terms are always defined in operational form while taking place in a study.
  3. The researcher can use different meanings of a term based on the characteristics of it.
  4. The researcher must mention the source (books, newspaper articles, encyclopedias, dictionaries or any other publications) from where he got that particular definition of a word.
  5. The explanation you provide for a term should be clear, unequivocal and brief.
  6. While using acronyms for the first time or which is a rare one you should spell them fully.

            When you reach the last part of your introduction here you have to mention the thesis statement and also the main details of your research which will be explained detail in further sections. Highlight the structure of your thesis to give readers a clear understanding about the content of your thesis.

            Every section in it has its own importance in giving the reader a clear understanding about the thesis, to explain the research problem and to establish the framework. The detailed explanation from chapter 1 proves that your research paper is high in quality and more effective.          

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